Badminton is known to be the one of the most played game in the World as it is a very popular sport in Asia and in some parts of Europe as well. It is a game played with racquet it is played by either two players on each side that is known as singles or a pairs of two player on each side that is doubles, player stands on opposite halves of a rectangular court which is being divided by a net from the centre. Badminton Players score points by striking the shuttle with the racquet so that it crosses the net and lands in the opposite half of the court.
In 1934, the International Badminton Federation (IBF) was invented, with the initial members like Ireland, England, Denmark, Wales, Scotland, Holland, Canada, New Zealand and France, with India joined as an affiliate in 1936.
Thomas Cup was the first major IBF tournament in 1948. After that, the number of world events has increased including the World Grand Prix Finals, Uber Cup (women’s team), World Championships, Sudirman Cup (mixed team) and World Junior Championships
In 1966 in Kingston Jamaica, Badminton was announced as a Commonwealth Games program sport and since then badminton has been part of every Commonwealth Games program. After being a demonstration sport in Munich in 1972, in 1992 badminton became an Olympic sport in Barcelona.
The following countries have won medals at an Olympic Games in badminton China, India, Denmark, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Japan, and Russia.
EQUIPMENTS USED IN BADMINTON
It is also known as birdies; it is made up of feathered shuttles or synthetic.
Badminton rackets consist a flat face, with a uniform pattern of overlapping strings attached to a thin shaft and a handle.
The net plays an important role in badminton matches. It should have a specific standards height, width, and construction. The net attaches to vertical posts on either side of the court. The net should be 30 inches from bottom to top, and must consist of a uniform, dark-coloured mesh.
How to setup a badminton court:
- The net should covers the whole width of the court.
- The net is in the middle, cuts both court halves in same size.
- The net is pulled tight, not slack.
Scoring System in badminton:
- A match consists of 3 games of 21 points.
- A point scored Every time when shuttle is served.
- The side which gains a 2 point at 20, wins that game.
- The side scoring the 30th point at 29, wins that game.
- The side winning a game serves first in the next game.
- A 2 minute interval between each game is allowed.
Some rules of badminton are specified below:
- The game starts with a toss just like cricket. The team that wins the toss has the right to choose if they would like serve first or receive first or what side of the court they choose.
- During the game the player cannot touch the net, with their racquet.
- The shuttlecock should not be carried on the racquet.
- A player cannot reach the net to hit the shuttle
- A point is added to a player’s score as and when he wins a rally.
- During the serve, a player cannot touch any lines of the court, until the server strikes the shuttle.
- If the shuttle hit the ceiling, it will counted as a fault.
- A player wins a rally when he strikes the shuttlecock and it touches the floor of the opponent’s side of the court.
- Each side can strike the shuttlecock only once before it passes over the net.